New Geological Society of America Bulletin paper
Boron compounds play role in stabilizing sugars needed to make RNA, a key to life.
The industrial manufacturing giant Siemens is planning for the reality of supplying and maintaining energy for a civilization on the Red Planet.
The Trojan asteroids that follow Mars in its orbit might have come from the planet itself, blown off in an ancient impact rather than being late arrivals, a new study suggests.
If such civilizations really existed in the past, could we find them today?
One potential landing site appears to have ridges that hint at past hydrothermal activity
The origin and nature of Mars is mysterious. It has geologically distinct hemispheres, with smooth lowlands in the north and cratered, high-elevation terrain in the south. The red planet also has two small oddly-shaped oblong moons and a composition that sets it apart from that of the Earth.
Discovery has major implications for hunt for alien life on the red planet as it means any evidence is likely to be buried deep underground